Triangulum: Demonstrating smart green growth in urban areas

Demonstrate, Disseminate, Replicate.

Triangulum logo
The University of Manchester is playing a leading role in this €25 million project.

Triangulum is a five year €25 million Horizon 2020 project funded by the European Union to demonstrate cutting-edge smart city technologies and roll them out across the globe.

The University is working with 23 European partners from urban municipalities, research institutions and industry to demonstrate ‘smart green growth’ – reducing carbon emissions whilst boosting the economy.

Over a five year period, Triangulum will transform designated urban districts into smart quarters in three ‘lighthouse cities’ Manchester, Eindhoven (Netherlands) and Stavanger (Norway).

Concepts learnt will be transferred to the ‘follower cities’ of Leipzig (Germany), Prague (Czech Republic) and Sabadell (Spain).


Triangulum is coordinated by the German technology management institute Fraunhofer IAO. It emerged out of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft’s Morgenstadt ‘City of Tomorrow’ initiative, selected from 19 submissions to the European Commission to be part of their Horizon 2020 Smart Cities and Communities (SCC) initiative.

Smart city development

Triangulum will demonstrate how a systems innovation approach, based around the European Commission’s SCC Strategic Implementation Plan (SIP), can drive dynamic smart city development. The suite of projects developed across the partnership are structured around:

  • zero / low energy districts;
  • integrated infrastructures; and
  • sustainable urban mobility.

Taken together, schemes will be designed to deliver cross-cutting outcomes across different sectors and stakeholder groups. This will provide a basis upon which to ‘road test’ the SIP, and provide recommendations to the Commission on how it might be improved to better facilitate knowledge exchange and replication.

Our role

Planned Future Development on the Oxford Road Corridor (artist's impression of Alliance Manchester Business School)
Planned Future Development on the Oxford Road Corridor.

Encouraging stakeholders to be actively engaged in the co-creation of smarter and more sustainable cities is the overarching goal of Triangulum. Within this framework, The University of Manchester has both a research and coordination role:

  • Working with a range of local partners, to research and test renewable energy and storage technologies, smart ICT management systems and electric vehicles. These actions are focused on 'Corridor Manchester', which includes The University campus
  • Coordinating teams in Eindhoven and Stavanger towards a joint assessment of the economic, environmental and social impacts of smart city technologies. A multilevel framework for impact assessment and monitoring will be generated, with open source and interoperable data sharing platforms enabling cities to learn from each other, and develop transferable smart city management technologies and apps
  • Corridor Manchester

Our team

Triangulum is exceptional in that it brings together academic researchers and the Estates Division, using the campus as a living laboratory to study urban sustainability.

  • Dr James Evans (Principal Investigator, Geography)
  • Dr Andrew Karvonen (Architecture)
  • Dr Krassi Paskaleva
  • Professor Ian Cotton (Director, Manchester Energy)
  • Emma Gardner (Head of Environmental Sustainability)
  • Tony Small (Principal Mechanical and Energy Engineer)
  • Andrew Hough (Sustainable Travel Planner)
  • Gabriele Schliwa (Research Associate, SEED)

Local partners

Further information